Although Catholics pray the rosary all the year round, the month of October is especially devoted to this prayer.
The Rosary is a Scripture-based prayer by which we give thanks to our God and ask Him for favors through the intercession of the Blessed Virgin Mary. We know that the rosary is a contemplative prayer on Jesus’ life. By saying “Hail Mary”, which is based also on the Scripture, we approach Jesus through Mary.
St. Joseph and the Rosary
According to the Scripture, a pious Hebrew prays several times a day (Daniel 7:11). St. Joseph belonged among these pious praying Hebrews. Surely, he did not pray the rosary, because it originated in the second millennium. Yet by taking Mary, Mother of Jesus, “into his home” (cf. Mt 2:24), he approached Jesus through Mary and lived in the presence of God the rest of his life. He was the one, who, after Mary, lived fully the mysteries of the Rosary.
Father Dominic De Domenico, O.P. writes, “… One of the best means of practicing this perfect devotion to St. Joseph will be through the Rosary, in which are all the chief devotions. It should be no surprise then that in showing three visions at Fatima, representing the joyful, sorrowful, and glorious mysteries, our Lady included St. Joseph with the Child Jesus… In this way our Lady implied that our devotion to St. Joseph should be inseparable from the Rosary and vice versa. In this way our Blessed Mother also implied that St. Joseph is a very important part of her Fatima message” (True Devotion to St. Joseph and the Church, pp. 206-207).
➢ Joseph joyfully did as the angel of the Lord told him, “Joseph, son of David, do not be afraid to take Mary your wife into your home” (Mt 2:20), and opened his house for Mary, who was with a child, the Son of God.
➢ He joyfully listened to the words of the messenger of the Lord, saying, “For it is through the Holy Spirit that this child has been conceived in her” (Mt 2:20).
➢ On the night in Bethlehem, when Mary gave birth to her Son, Mary and Joseph contemplated God’s presence on earth. When shepherds “found Mary and Joseph, and the infant lying in the manger” (Lk 2:16), Mary and Joseph listened to their message with joy.
➢ While presenting Jesus in the temple, “the child’s father and mother were amazed at what was said about Him” (Lk 2:33).
➢ What a great joy it was, when Mary and Joseph found the twelve year old boy Jesus in the temple “sitting in the midst of the teachers, listening to them and asking them questions” (Lk 3:46).
➢ During the circumcision, Joseph saw the shedding of Jesus’ blood, which was a foretaste of the future, beginning in the Garden of Olives, where Jesus was “in such agony … that his sweat became like drops of blood falling on the ground” (Lk 22:44) and continuing with scourging, mockery with the crown of thorns, and leading Him to Calvary, where He was crucified.
➢ Simeon’s prophesy, that the child would be a sign of contradiction and that a sword would pierce the Mother’s soul, pierced Joseph’s heart.
Joseph was asked to consent to taking up his office as a husband to Mary and as a father to Jesus with all its trials and duties. One immediate duty requested by the angel was to name Him Jesus, “for he will save his people from their sins” (Mt 1:21). Joseph was asked to cooperate consciously in the salvation of the people. And he did. He truly acted as a servant to the redemption of the human race (cf. Dominic De Domenico, O.P.: True Devotion to St. Joseph and the Church).